Action-Research for the development of care technology: protocol for the management of pain and stress of the newborn in intensive care.

  • Márcia Helena de Souza Freire
  • Etiene Leone de Moraes
  • Franciele Rocha
  • Gabrielle Freitas Saganski
  • Michelle Thais Migoto
Keywords: Qualitative Research; Neonatal Nursing; Stakeholder Participation; Pain Measurement; Pain Management.


Abstract: Surveys show a gap in health professionals’ knowledge for the management of neonatal pain and their daily practice. To minimize this dichotomy a participatory development of a protocol for pain and stress management in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit was proposed, based on scientific evidence, at a public children’s hospital, Paraná state, Brazil. The theoretical-methodological framework used was the action research, with the participation of 65 health professionals. The protocol was developed in three stages, by means of a structured questionnaire applied to all professionals and by discussions and theorising that occurred in seven workshops. The Action-Research development led to a positive movement of reflective interaction among the team, with a view to its application for qualification of neonatal care.